Pump Sizing Calculation

Sun, 07 May 2017

Pump is a most common equipment used in a chemical plant to transfer fluid from one location to another. This article shows how to do pump sizing calculation to determine differential head required to be generated by pump based on suction and discharge conditions.

Pressure at pump suction is calculated as following



where, h1 is height of liquid above pump suction, SG is specific gravity of liquid, ρ is liquid density (kg/m³) and g is gravitational constant (9.81).


ΔPPipe is pressure drop in a pipe due to single phase fluid flow. ΔP_Fittings is pressure drop due to pipe fittings, which can be calculated based on 2-K & 3-K method.

Discharge Pressure

Pressure at pump discharge is calculated as following



where, h2 is height of liquid above pump suction at which liquid is to be discharged.

ΔPfriction is calculated in similar way as mentioned above for discharge piping.

Differential Head

Differential head required to be generated by pump is calculated as following.

Hydraulic Power

Hydraulic power is calculated as following.

NPSH Available

Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) available is calculated as following.

where, PVapor is vapor pressure of liquid at suction vessel temperature.

System Head Curve

System head curve is a graphical representation of the relationship between flow and hydraulic losses in a given piping system. It is prepared by calculating differential head as specified above at different flow. The intersection of the pump manufacturer's curve with system curve defines the operating point of the pump.

Pump curve and system curve can be fitted into a second order polynomial. Operating point is calculated by solving these equations for positive roots.

Web based calculation available at CheCalc.com


Spreadsheet for Pump Sizing Calculation

Property Estimation Joback Method Vapor Liquid Vertical Separator